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A Computational analysis on Lectin and Histone H1 protein of different pulse species as well as comparative study with rice for balanced diet

Author(s): Md Anayet Hasan | Adnan Mannan | Rashel Alam | Md Taohidul Islam | Mohammad Al Amin | Md Sarowar Jahan Khan | Md Ashraful Islam | Nazmul Hasan Muzahid

Journal: Bioinformation
ISSN 0973-2063

Volume: 8;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 196;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Lectin | actin | histone H1 protein | balance diet | human | sequence analysis.

The issue of balanced nutrition is of great concern to human. Meat and fish are the best sources of protein. The affordability of these resources for people in developing countries is less. Thus, there is an increasing interest in pulses and its derivates as an alternative to fish and meat. Lectin and histone H1 are the most common proteins in various pulses and our interest is in identifying the dominant essential amino acids in them for use as supplements. However, actin and lectin are common among Oryza Sativa and Cicer arientinum. We describe the amount of lectin and histone H1 in Cicer arientinum, Lens culinaris and Pisum sativum in a comparative manner. Cicer arientinum was found to contain more essential amino acids than Lens culinaris and Pisum sativum. The secondary structures of lectin and histone H1 protein were analyzed to gain functional inferences in these species. The comparative study shows the relatively poor presence of the amino acid methionine in most pulses. However, Oryza Sativa was found to contain sufficient methionine. The study shows that pulses (especially Cicer arientinum) were a suitable alternative source to meat and fish for Lectin and Histone H1 balance. Hence, pulses could be suggested with rice for balanced protein diet.
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