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Concentric Circular Antenna Array Synthesis Using Biogeography Based Optimization

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Author(s): Urvinder Singh | Tara Singh Kamal

Journal: Majlesi Journal of Electrical Engineering
ISSN 2008-1413

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 48;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Antenna array | concentric circular arrays | biogeography based optimization | metaheuristics | non-uniform excitation

ABSTRACT
Biogeography based optimization (BBO) is a new stochastic force based on the science of biogeography. Biogeography is the schoolwork of geographical allotment of biological organisms. BBO utilizes migration operator to share information between the problem solutions. The problem solutions are known as habitats and sharing of features is called migration. In this paper, BBO algorithm is developed to optimize the current excitations of concentric circular antenna arrays (CCAA). Concentric Circular Antenna Array (CCAA) has numerous attractive features that make it essential in mobile and communication applications. The goal of the optimization is to reduce the side lobe levels and the primary lobe beam width as much as possible. To confirm the capabilities of BBO, three different CCAA antennas of different sizes are taken. The results obtained by BBO are compared with the Real coded Genetic Algorithm (RGA), Craziness based Particle Swarm Optimization (CRPSO) and Hybrid Evolutionary Programming (HEP).
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