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Concept of Learning

Author(s): Malik Ghulam Behlol | Hukam Dad

Journal: International Journal of Psychological Studies
ISSN 1918-7211

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Date: 2010;
Original page

This study explains the concept of learning in the light of the opinions of behaviourists, connectivists andhumanists. The researcher focused on key points of difference among the behaviourists themselves and otherschools of thought on the topic. For this purpose, the qualitative paradigm of research was used and method ofcontent analyses was applied. According to the behaviourists learning is not an active but passive process ofmemorizing information that requires external reward. Understanding is merely seeing relationship or patternsand applications requires not more than transfer of training. According to the humanists learning is a personal actof individual to fully utilize his potential. It is essential that instructional activities should be based on thelearners’ basic needs for the success of the learning process. It is an unending curiosity that includes identifying,discovering, drawing in from the outside world and making that which is drawn in a real part of Me. Learningsituation must allow the learner to move at a pace that best suited to him. It should provide opportunities forcontinuous assessment and utilization of the feedback as a part of learning. Connectivists believe that learning isa way of being. It is an ongoing pattern of attitudes and actions by individuals and groups which they employ todeal with the surprising, new/novel, messy, obtrusive events and situations. It occurs in different of ways fromthe practicing communities, personal networks, and through completion of work-related tasks. It is a continuousprocess for a lifetime without separation from work related activities. They present a model of learning whichrecognizes that learning is no longer an internal, individualistic activity. It provides an insight and skills to thelearners how to flourish and progress in a digital era of technology.

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