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Conceptual study proposal for the integration and management of biochemical markers of environmental contamination use

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Author(s): Vera Lúcia S. S. de Castro | Cláudio Martin Jonsson

Journal: Biotemas
ISSN 0103-1643

Volume: 25;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 159;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Biomarker | Decision tree | Environmental monitoring | Enzymes | Pesticides

ABSTRACT
Sustainable agriculture prioritizes the rational use of land and biota. For this, there is a need for understanding the interaction between the agriculture inputs and the ecosystems. However, there is a lack of easy access methods for verifying environmental contamination due to many of these products, such as pesticides and their mixtures. The application of alternative methods for monitoring degraded areas can generate economic advantages when compared to the implementation of protocols for analysis using high cost methods which demand a longer analysis time. Since environmental health can be accessed through studies using biomarkers, the approach presented here aims to discuss some aspects on the environmental risk monitoring with sentinel non-target organisms, focusing on biochemical parameters. Such parameters showed that the pesticide penetrated into the body and caused a response according to the dose or time of exposition. These parameters shall be used as biochemical biomarkers in programs for environmental monitoring because of the early identification of changes. The results obtained through its use shall be used to support policies related to environmental risks management.
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