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CONGENITAL CRYPTORCHIDISM - ITS ANATOMICAL ASPECTS, EMBRYOGENESIS AND CLINICAL CONSEQUENCES

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Author(s): Kalyan Chakravarthi

Journal: International Journal of Bioassays
ISSN 2278-778X

Volume: 2;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 961;
Date: 2013;

Keywords: Anti-mullerian hormone | cryptorchidism | infertility | sperms | testosterone.

ABSTRACT
The testes are a pair of male reproductive organs. The testicular variations are unusual and can result in multiple clinical conditions. Congenital cryptorchidism is a condition in which one or both the testes have not passed down the scrotal sac. During a routine cadaveric dissection of a middle aged male cadaver, in the left side of the pelvic part of the abdomen an unusual undescended testis was noted near the deep inguinal ring. Additional to this we also noted a thick band of ligament connecting the epididymis of testis to the fascia transversalis, close to the deep inguinal ring. As per our knowledge such congenital testicular variations has not been cited in the recent medical literature. The anatomical aspects, embryogenesis and clinical consequences of these congenital variations have been discussed in detail. Proper knowledge and awareness of such testicular variations is clinically essential in operative procedures and necessary treatment for monarchism, which improves fertility and endocrine functions.
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