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Conservation genetics of Iberian raptors

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Author(s): Martinez–Cruz, B.

Journal: Animal Biodiversity and Conservation
ISSN 1578-665X

Volume: 34;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 341;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Conservation genetics | Conservation genomics | Molecular markers | Iberian raptors | Management of threatened populations

ABSTRACT
In this paper I provide an overview of conservation genetics and describe the management actions in the wild that can benefit from conservation genetic studies. I describe the genetic factors of risk for the survival of wild species, the consequences of loss of genetic diversity, inbreeding and outbreeding depression, and the use of genetic tools to delimitate units of conservation. Then I introduce the most common applications of conservation genetics in the management of wild populations. In a second part of the paper I review the conservation genetic studies carried on the Iberian raptors. I introduce several studies on the Spanish imperial eagle, the bearded vulture, the black vulture and the red kite that were carried out using autosomal microsatellite markers and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequencing. I describe studies on the lesser kestrel and Egyptian vulture that additionally applied major histocompatibility complex (MHC) markers, with the purpose of incorporating the study of non–neutral variation. For every species I explain how these studies can be and/or are applied in the strategy of conservation in the wild.
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