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Conservation of Natural Resources: Water

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Author(s): Skumar S Kumbhalkar | C. C. Handa | A. R. Bapat

Journal: International Journal of Computer Applications
ISSN 0975-8887

Volume: ncipet;
Issue: 8;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Water | Natural Resources | Conservation | Harvesting

ABSTRACT
Nature provides the basic needs like food, shelter, clothes, etc. for human survival. Air, water, soil, minerals, coal, petroleum, etc. are used in daily life. But there is a need to think how long these precious materials of the nature will be available for use. The growing population, rapid industrialization and Urbanization have created heavy demand on all these materials. It is feared that unless proper steps are taken to conserve them in time, tremendous hardship will be faced in future. The earth?s total water volume is constant-none is gained or lost. Water goes through a continuous, hydrologic cycle of precipitation, infiltration, runoff, evaporation, and transpiration by plants. However, unequal distribution of rain at any given time or location can create shortages. Surface water storage is usually uneconomical for extreme droughts. Variation in precipitation affects surface water supplies immediately. Groundwater is affected more slowly, but will be reduced by extended drought. Water is one of the most important source of Renewable Energy.
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