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Conservation status and diversity of some important plants in the Shiwalik Himalaya of Uttarakhand, India

Author(s): Jyotsana SHARMA | R.D. Gaur | R M PAINULI

Journal: International Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
ISSN 2249-4340

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 75;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Ethnobotany | indigenous knowledge | biodiversity conservation | sustainable development

The Shiwalik Himalaya of Uttarakhand is rich in its floristic composition. It also represents varied population of forest dwellers, locales, and tribal communities which play a vital role in social, cultural, historical, economic and industrial development of any country and in maintaining its ecological balance. Traditionally the folk people and the locales utilize the vegetation of their ambient environment in form of different products as food, fodder, fuel, medicine, fibre, timber etc. Among these useful species most of them are commercially exploited by drug dealers and at present many of such species come in threat categories. Therefore, there is an urgent need for conservation of such species for sustainable development. The members of threatened taxa belong to different families as Acanthaceae, Aceraceae, Asteraceae, Berberidaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Fabaceae, Hypoxidaceae, Lamiaceae and Liliaceae etc. The present study provides comprehensive infromation on the diversity, conservation status and utilization of plants in Shiwalik Himalaya.
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