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Conservation strategies of some important medicinal plants

Author(s): R. RAINA | Romesh CHAND | Yash Pal SHARMA

Journal: International Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
ISSN 2249-4340

Volume: 1;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 342;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Valeriana jatamansi | Gentiana kurroo | Gloriosa superb | Conservation

A multipronged strategy aimed at conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants is needed. Although in situ and ex situ conservation methods shall continue to be the popular choices, but long term objectives of conservation and sustainable use can be achieved by conservation through cultivation, optimizing yield parameters for increased productivity and avoiding destructive harvesting. Domestication and cultivation of some important medicinal plants used in traditional as well as modern therapies is beset with the problems of poor seedling establishment while the poor seed set in nature affects the yield in others. The range of active constituents and essential oil components differ with altitudinal and geographical changes in most medicinal and aromatic plants. Therefore, species-specific measures are needed ensuring simultaneously both conservation as well as sustainability in raw material production.
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