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Contraceptive practices and awareness of emergency contraception in educated working women

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Author(s): Takkar N | Goel P | Saha P | Dua D

Journal: Indian Journal of Medical Sciences
ISSN 0019-5359

Volume: 59;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 143;
Date: 2005;
Original page

Keywords: Contraception; educated women; emergency contraception

ABSTRACT
Background : Regular contraceptive use and emergency contraception are tools to prevent pregnancies. Aims: This study was designed to investigate knowledge and use of contraceptive methods and awareness of emergency contraception among women working in the hospital. Settings: Educated workingwomen in a medical college hospital. Design: Cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out among women belonging to three categories: staff nurses, ministerial staff and others. Married as well as unmarried employees in the reproductive age group were interviewed. A pretested mixed questionnaire containing open as well as closed ended questions was administered. The women were asked questions concerning knowledge and use of contraceptive methods and awareness of emergency or postcoital contraception. Results: Of the 284 employees 258 women consented for the interview. All the subjects were literate and majority (97.2%) had an urban background. Of the 190 married women, 154 (81.1%) practiced contraception, among them (73.3%) were regular users. Eighty respondents underwent abortions of which 46 had spontaneous and 34 had induced abortions. Among the available contraceptive methods, condom was the most popular method in 89 (57.8%) followed by Copper T in 38 women (24.7%). The use of hormonal contraception was very low 2.6%. Print and electronic media were the common source of public awareness in 149 subjects (57.7%). Twenty-nine women (11.2%) were aware and only three women used emergency contraception. Conclusions: A high percentage of females in this literate workingwomen population used contraception; however, the awareness of emergency contraception was low.
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