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The contribution of dairying to household welfare of the small commercial dairy keepers in Khartoum north province (KNP), Sudan

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Author(s): Elniema Mustafa, | Murtada El Emam, Omer Abdelhadi | Amir Salih

Journal: Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences
ISSN 2221-1896

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 55;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Commercial Producers | Small Livestock | Socio-Economic Aspects

ABSTRACT
A total of 53 small livestock commercial producers of which 32 were in Silate, 9 in Kadaro and 12 in Halfaya divisions were randomly selected and interviewed using structured questionnaire. Following this, 9 small commercial households, 3 of each division were selected based on milk production activity. The aim of the research was to study, quantify the socio-economic aspects and to develop recommendations for future research and development of the small commercial households in the peri–urban region of KNP. The study revealed that livestock production especially dairying was ranked first (75.6%) as the most important source of household income in the study area. Income from livestock was used on the farm needs, family needs, house construction, investment and stock replacement. The majority of farmers (71.7%) sold their products at the farm gate homestead or neighbourhood (0-15 km), while 28.3 % at markets far from their location (16 - < 25 km). On average, Silate and Kadaro households earned 214.7 Sudanese Pound (SDG) and 322.5 SDG a year per cow, respectively. In terms of economic profitability, both Silate and Kadaro households engaged in livestock production earned a profit. High variability between the three divisions was observed due to loses of money e.g. Halfaya (-118.6 SDG). It could be concluded that under the current husbandry practices, the contribution of livestock to small commercial farmers in KNP was satisfactory but does not fulfil farmers’ goals.
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