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THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE GENERAL URBANISM PLAN TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN NEGREŞTI COMMUNE, NEAMŢ COUNTY

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Author(s): Oana-Magdalena Dîrlău | Marin Mară

Journal: Present Environment and Sustainable Development
ISSN 1843-5971

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 41;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: water protection | sewage control | landslides

ABSTRACT
The commune is placed in the central part of Neamţ county, has a surface of 3493 ha and a total population of 1941 inhabitants (2005). It extends on the eastern summits of Stânişoara Mts. and the Moldavian Subcarpathians, respectively the Cracău-Bistriţa Depression. The climate is continental with excessive trends, with a mean temperature of 8.6º C and average annual precipitations of 628.8 mm. The whole territory belongs to Horaiţa hydrographic basin, a tributary of Almaş. The existing land use categories evidence the dominant agricultural and subordinately forestry character of the commune. After the application of the General Urban Plan (GUP) to 777.12 ha the inhabited surface and that designed for economic or social activities will be increased. The commune is provide with electric energy, communication network with optical fiber and asphalted access roads. The problems stand in the water alimentation from wells, the unregularization of Horaiţa’s floodplain, the lack of water and natural gasesalimentation and the collecting of sewage waters. The determinations regarding drinking water from July 2009 evidence the bacteriological pollution of the underground waters from the center of the commune. The existing dysfunctions thus make directions for future actions. Natural risks are given by floods in the inhabited area and landslides outside it, and the measures imply the improvement of the inhabiting conditions

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