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Cooking practices, air quality, and the acceptability of advanced cookstoves in Haryana, India: an exploratory study to inform large-scale interventions

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Author(s): Rupak Mukhopadhyay | Sankar Sambandam | Ajay Pillarisetti | Darby Jack | Krishnendu Mukhopadhyay | Kalpana Balakrishnan | Mayur Vaswani | Michael N. Bates | Patrick L. Kinney | Narendra Arora | Kirk R. Smith

Journal: Global Health Action
ISSN 1654-9880

Volume: 5;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: household air pollution | dung fuel | solid fuel | stove usage | exposure assessment

ABSTRACT
Background: In India, approximately 66% of households rely on dung or woody biomass as fuels for cooking. These fuels are burned under inefficient conditions, leading to household air pollution (HAP) and exposure to smoke containing toxic substances. Large-scale intervention efforts need to be informed by careful piloting to address multiple methodological and sociocultural issues. This exploratory study provides preliminary data for such an exercise from Palwal District, Haryana, India. Methods: Traditional cooking practices were assessed through semi-structured interviews in participating households. Philips and Oorja, two brands of commercially available advanced cookstoves with small blowers to improve combustion, were deployed in these households. Concentrations of particulate matter (PM) with a diameter
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