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Correlation between high-risk pregnancy and developmental delay in children aged 4–60 months

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Author(s): Fatemeh Torabi | Sedigheh Amir Ali Akbari | Saba Amiri | Farin Soleimani | Hamid Alavi Majd

Journal: Libyan Journal of Medicine
ISSN 1819-6357

Volume: 7;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: high-risk pregnancy | development delay | Ages and Stages Questionnaire

ABSTRACT
Background: The future development of children is considered more than ever now due to the advances in medical knowledge and thus the increase in survival rates of high-risk infants. This study investigated the correlation between high-risk pregnancy and developmental delay in children aged 4–60 months. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 401 mothers and their children (4–60 months) who visited health service centers affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2011. Sampling was carried out in several stages, and the Ages and Stage Questionnaire was completed by the participants. Data were analyzed with SPSS 18 software and independent t-test; Mann-Whitney and logistic-regression tests were used. Results: The average age of children in the low-risk pregnancy group was 22±16 months, and that in the high-risk pregnancy group was 18.9±14.8 months. The majority of children were female (53.1%). The prevalence of high-risk pregnancies was 80.5%, and the prevalence of developmental delay was 18.7%. Multiple pregnancies, low birth weight, habitual abortions, maternal medical disorders in pregnancy, and gestational diabetes had significant correlations with developmental delay in children (P
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