Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

Coupling a groundwater model with a land surface model to improve water and energy cycle simulation

Author(s): W. Tian | X. Li | X.-S. Wang | B. X. Hu

Journal: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions
ISSN 1812-2108

Volume: 9;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1163;
Date: 2012;
VIEW PDF   PDF DOWNLOAD PDF   Download PDF Original page

The water and energy cycles interact, making them generally closely related. Land surface models (LSMs) can describe the water and energy cycles of the land surface, but their description of the subsurface water processes is oversimplified, and lateral groundwater flow is ignored. Groundwater models (GWMs) well describe the dynamic movement of subsurface water flow, but they cannot depict the physical mechanism of the evapotranspiration (ET) process in detail. In this study, a coupled model of groundwater with simple biosphere (GWSiB) is developed based on the full coupling of a typical land surface model (SiB2) and a three-dimensional variably saturated groundwater model (AquiferFlow). In this model, the infiltration, ET and energy transfer are simulated by SiB2 via the soil moisture results given by the groundwater flow model. The infiltration and ET results are applied iteratively to drive the groundwater flow model. The developed model is then applied to study water cycle processes in the middle reaches of the Heihe River Basin in the northwest of China. The model is validated through data collected at three stations in the study area. The stations are located in a shallow groundwater depth zone, a deeper groundwater depth zone and an agricultural irrigation area. The study results show that the coupled model can well depict the land surface and groundwater interaction and can more comprehensively and accurately simulate the water and energy cycles compared with uncoupled models.
Affiliate Program      Why do you need a reservation system?