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Criza politica si constructia institutionala democratica. O analiza comparata a douazeci si opt de constitutii

Author(s): Anton Carpinschi | Andrei Ilas

Journal: Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies
ISSN 1583-0039

Issue: 7;
Start page: 54;
Date: 2004;
Original page

Keywords: comparative politics | constitutionalism | institutionalism | political crisis | mechanisms of crisis | democratic theory | index of institutional potentiality | theory of crisis

This article examines the political crisis that has appeared in the constitutions of 28 democratic states. The units of analysis have been chosen using the criterion of a modern and formal constitution. Using the systemic paradigm, the article proposes an institutionalist approach. After explaining the role of the main institutions, the article focuses itself on identifying the mechanisms of crisis as they are provided by constitutions (i.e. the vote of no-confidence, the motion of censure, the vacancy etc.). We have observed that the correlation between the institutional arrangement and the number of crisis mechanisms is not very strong one. The article concludes that in order to explain the reaction of a political system towards a crisis situation it is not sufficient to draw on the constitution, an understanding of the political tradition and of the recent political experiences being absolutely necessary.
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