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A cross sectional study of prevalence of substance use and its determinants among male tribal youths

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Author(s): Digambar Kangule | Mohan Darbastwar | Prashant Kokiwar

Journal: International Journal of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences
ISSN 0976-5263

Volume: 02;
Issue: 03;
Start page: 61;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Alcohol | Peer Pressure | Prevalence | Substance use | Tobacco | Tribal youth

ABSTRACT
To study the prevalence of substance use and its determinants among male tribal youths - A community based cross sectional study was carried out among 171 randomly selected male tribal youths aged 15-24 years belonging to Raikarpada sub-centre area of Primary health centre, Vasind for a period of 6 months from January 2005 to June 2005. Those youths who were not the permanent residents of the study area and who do not wish to participate in the study were excluded. The informed consent was obtained from the study subjects before the conduction of the study. The data was recorded in pre-designed and semi-structured proforma. The prevalence of substance use was 64.91%. Minimum age of initiation of substance use was 5 years. The substances commonly used were tobacco (54.96%) and alcohol (20.72%). Some subjects were using alcohol and tobacco together (22.52%). Substance use was significantly high among the age group of 20-24 years. Factors such as substance use by parents, unemployment and sibling pressure, peer pressure and lower educational status were significantly associated with substance use by study subjects. The prevalence of substance use was very high among male tribal youths. Substance use by parents, unemployment, sibling pressure, peer pressure and lower educational status were the main contributory factors for substance use. Hence improvement of educational and employment status of tribal youths strongly needed. Tribal youths and their parents urgently need health education regarding the consequences of substance use.

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