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Cyclitols in maturing grains of wheat, triticale and barley

Author(s): Lesław B. Lahuta | Joanna Goszczyńska

Journal: Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae
ISSN 0001-6977

Volume: 79;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 181;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: d-chiro-inositol | d-pinitol | carbohydrate | raffinose | kestose | grains

In the present study, the feeding of stem-flag leaf-ear explants of wheat, triticale and barley with d-chiro-inositol and d-pinitol was used for modification of the composition of soluble carbohydrates in grains without genetic transformation of plants. Maturing grains indicated ability to uptake exogenously applied cyclitols, not occurring naturally in cereal plants, and synthesized their a-d-galactosides. The pattern of changes in soluble carbohydrates during grain maturation and germination was not disturbed by the uptake and accumulation of cyclitols. Both, d-chiro-inositol and d-pinitol as well as their a-d-galactosides can be an additional pool of soluble carbohydrates accumulated by maturing grains, without decreasing seeds viability. This is the first report indicating the possibility of introduction of cyclitols with potentially human health benefits properties into cereal grains.
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