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Cytogenetic and molecular analyses in troglobitic and epigean species of Pimelodella (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) from Brazil

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Author(s): Bianca Dazzani | Caroline Garcia | Marilena Peixoto | Eleonora Trajano | Lurdes Foresti de Almeida-Toledo

Journal: Neotropical Ichthyology
ISSN 1679-6225

Volume: 10;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 623;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Cave fish | Cytogenetics | Evolutionary relationships | FISH | PCR-RFLP

ABSTRACT
Samples from seven different locations of the genus Pimelodella were genetically examined, two caves (exclusively subterranean, upper Tocantins River and São Francisco River) and five epigean (from upper Paraná River basin). Cytogenetic analyses revealed the same diploid number (2n=46) for all species besides similarities in both number and location of nucleolar organizer regions and C bands. FISH with 5S rDNA probes and CMA3 staining indicated significant differences among the studied species. Application of PCR-RFLP in ATPase 6 and 8 mitochondrial genes allowed building a minimum evolution phenogram identifying the close evolutionary relationship among groups. Both chromosomal and molecular data were useful to infer the relationships among studied Pimelodella species.Amostras de sete diferentes localidades do gênero Pimelodella foram geneticamente analisadas, duas cavernícolas (exclusivamente subterrâneas, alto rio Tocantins e rio São Francisco) e cinco epígeas (provenientes da bacia do alto Paraná). Análises citogenéticas revelaram o mesmo número diploide (2n=46) para todas as espécies, além de similaridades no número e localização das regiões organizadoras de nucléolo e bandas C. FISH com sondas de rDNA 5S e marcação com CMA3 indicaram diferenças significativas entre as espécies estudadas. A aplicação da técnica de PCR-RFLP nos genes mitocondriais ATPase 6 e 8 permitiu a construção de um fenograma de evolução mínima identificando uma estreita relação evolutiva entre as espécies estudadas.
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