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Cytotoxic activities against Ehrlich carcinoma and human K562 leukaemia of alkaloids and flavonoid from two Solanum Species

Author(s): Esteves-Souza Andressa | Silva Tânia M. Sarmento da | Alves Cássia C. Fernandes | Carvalho Mário G. de | Braz-Filho Raimundo | Echevarria Aurea

Journal: Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
ISSN 0103-5053

Volume: 13;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 838;
Date: 2002;
Original page

Keywords: Solanaceae | Solanum crinitum | Solanum jabrense | citotoxicity | Ehrlich carcinoma | human K562 leukaemia | tiliroside | glycoalkaloids

Steroidal alkaloids, flavonoids and their glycosides occurring in numerous species of Solanum genus are known to possess a variety of biological activities. The flavonoid tiriloside (1), a rich in glycoalkaloids total fraction named GB and the glycoalkaloid solasonine (2) isolated from thricomes of young branches and fruits from Solanum crinitum Lam, and the aglycone solasodine (3) isolated from Solanum jabrense Agra & M. Nee, were assayed against murine Ehrlich carcinoma and human K562 leukaemia cultured cells. The exposure in vitro of these cancer cells to these products resulted in a dose-dependent growth inhibition evaluated by the MTT method. The results indicated significant cytotoxic activities with IC50 = 69.50 muM, 19.5 mug mL-1, and 74.20 muM for 1, GB and 2, respectively, against Ehrlich carcinoma, and IC50 = 186.50 muM, 13.65 mug mL-1 and 76.92 muM, for 1, GB, 2 and 2a, respectively, against K562 leukaemia cells. The low activity of the aglycone 3 indicates that the role of the sugar moiety is very important in the cytotoxic activity of glycoalkaloid solsonine. The cytotoxic activity revealed by the GB fraction may be attributed to the presence of 2. Additionally, these results show the viability of the MTT assay for monitoring phytochemical bioactive compounds.
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