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Czynniki socjodemograficzne i kliniczne a nasilenie objawów PTSD u ofiar przemocy ze strony bliskiego partnera

Author(s): Małgorzata Dąbkowska

Journal: Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia
ISSN 1896-6764

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 90;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: intimate partner violence | posttraumatic stress disorder | risk factors

Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has beenrecognized as a prevalent social problem and a sourceof mental health problems for women. The mostcommon psychiatric difficulty in battered women isposttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence andintensity of posttraumatic stress disorder among a groupof victims of intimate partner violence, as well asthe association between some sociodemographic factorsand increased risk to develop posttraumatic stressdisorder (PTSD).Material and methods: 1. Diagnosis and a degreeof intensification of PTSD were based on C.G. Watson’set al. PTSD-Interview. 2. Semi-structured interview wascompleted by 104 women to assess risk factors of PTSD(social, demographic and clinic). The examined groupconsisted of 104 women at the age between 18 and68 years, the average age 40,8 years; dwelling inthe shelters for single mothers and domestic violencevictims and out-patients of psychiatric ambulatory.Results: 75.6% of women who are victimsof interpersonal violence had significant, very significantor extreme increase of occurrence of PTSD symptoms.PTSD severity was associated with lower levelof education and sexual violence.Conclusions: Victims of interpersonal violence areinherently at risk of PTSD. Lower level of education andsexual type of interpersonal violence are risk factorsof severity PTSD.
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