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d-Wave Superconductivity and s-Wave Charge Density Waves: Coexistence between Order Parameters of Different Origin and Symmetry

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Author(s): Toshikazu Ekino | Alexander M. Gabovich | Mai Suan Li | Marek Pękała | Henryk Szymczak | Alexander I. Voitenko

Journal: Symmetry
ISSN 2073-8994

Volume: 3;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 699;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: order parameter symmetry | superconductivity | charge-density waves | phase diagrams

ABSTRACT
A review of the theory describing the coexistence between d-wave superconductivity and s-wave charge-density-waves (CDWs) is presented. The CDW gapping is identified with pseudogapping observed in high-Tc oxides. According to the cuprate specificity, the analysis is carried out for the two-dimensional geometry of the Fermi surface (FS). Phase diagrams on the σ0 − α plane—here, σ0 is the ratio between the energy gaps in the parent pure CDW and superconducting states, and the quantity 2α is connected with the degree of dielectric (CDW) FS gapping—were obtained for various possible configurations of the order parameters in the momentum space. Relevant tunnel and photoemission experimental data for high-Tc oxides are compared with theoretical predictions. A brief review of the results obtained earlier for the coexistence between s-wave superconductivity and CDWs is also given.
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