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Decreased Oxygen Transfer Capacity of Erythrocytes as a Cause of 5-Fluorouracil Related Ischemia

Author(s): Ivan Spasojević | Svetislav Jelić | Joanna Zakrzewska | Goran Bačić

Journal: Molecules
ISSN 1420-3049

Volume: 14;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 53;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: 5-Fluorouracil | Cisplatin | Ischemia | Erythrocytes | 31P NMR spectroscopy

cisplatin have similar effects on the erythrocyte membrane, thus eliminating those changes as a potential source of cardiotoxicity. On the contrary, 31P-NMR and polarography showed that the effects of these cytostatics on the intracellular milieu differ significantly. 5-FU provoked a pronounced decrease of the O2 level in blood and affected the metabolism of phosphate compounds, while cisplatin had no such effects. When combined these two drugs showed synergistic effects, which matches the higher frequency of cardiotoxicity of the combination relative to the sole application of 5-FU. Preliminary results acquired on blood of patients receiving cisplatin/5-FU therapy verified observations obtained ex vivo. These results open a possibility of applying NMR in preclinical trials of new drugs in order to predict their ischemic potential.
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