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Delocation in the manufacturing sectors in the EU. A regional overview

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Author(s): M.ª Elisa Álvarez López | Rafael Myro Sánchez | Josefa Vega Crespo

Journal: Investigaciones Regionales
ISSN 1695-7253

Issue: 22;
Start page: 5;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: manufacturing industry | delocation | regions | European Union

ABSTRACT
The question of delocation in main industrial regions across the EUis approached here, and its effects on job losses estimated. Seventy five regions areselected following the double criteria of size of the manufacturing industries andhigh per capita income levels. Delocation affected half of them in the period 2000-2005 when competition in the international markets rose and is of higher intensityin most of the British, French and Italian regions although its aggregate effect onemployment seems to have been offset by growth in the other sectors. On the otherhand, regions located in the continental area with more market potential have thehighest concentration of location effects. Therefore delocation has changed thelocation of European manufacturing industry, benefitting those latter regions andperhaps bringing higher spatial concentration.
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