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Demographic Evolution of the Small Towns in the North-East Development Region in the Post-Communist Period

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Author(s): GABRIEL CAMARÄ‚

Journal: Romanian Review of Regional Studies
ISSN 1841-1576

Volume: VII;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 105;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Demographic evolution | Small cities | Post-Communist | North-East Region

ABSTRACT
Romania's population has declined steadily from 23.2 million in 1990 to 21.5 million inhabitants in 2007. This overall decline in population is not entirely true for the towns and cities of the North-East Region, as during the same period they recorded both decreases and increases in population due to positive natural balance. The North-East Region (partially superimposed over the historic region of the western Moldova) is considered the poorest region in the European Union and a disadvantaged area. The rural young population of Moldova is a reservoir which supplies urban areas and especially large cities. In these circumstances, the small towns of the North-East Region are seeking balance (demographic, economic, functional). This paper examines the demographic evolution of the small towns located in the area under analysis, in the post-communist period, illustrating the types of fluctuations in statistical methods as regards demographic changes and the risk of depopulation in the future, correlated with a lower overall population of Romania.
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