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Density of Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Domestic and Wild Animal Shelters in an Area of Visceral Leishmaniasis in the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

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Author(s): Ximenes Maria de Fátima Freire de Melo | Souza Maria de Fátima de | Guilhermo Castellón Eloy

Journal: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
ISSN 0074-0276

Volume: 94;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 427;
Date: 1999;
Original page

Keywords: Lutzomyia longipalpis | Lutzomyia evandroi | host preference | Rio Grande do Norte | Leishmania

ABSTRACT
The objective of the present study was to determine the association of sand flies with the presence of domestic and wild animals in the peridomiciliary area. The sand flies were collected using direct aspiration and CDC light traps placed in animal shelters. The results suggest that different sand flies species have different behavioral characteristics in an apparent preference for animal baits and that Lutzomyia longipalpis and Lu. evandroi were the most eclectic species regarding their biotope choice. Lu. longipalpis showed a distinct preference for horses and Lu. evandroi for armadillos.
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