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DESCRIPCIÓN DEL PROCESO DE DUELO EN MILITARES VÍCTIMAS DE MINAS ANTIPERSONA -- DESCRIPTION OF GRIEF PROCESS IN MILITARY VICTIMS OF ANTI-PERSONNEL MINES

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Author(s): PAULO DANIEL ACERO RODRÍGUEZ | MARÍA ANDREA CASTILLO

Journal: Revista Psicogente
ISSN 0124-0137

Volume: 11;
Issue: 20;
Start page: 108;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Anti-perssonel Mines | Loss | Amputation | Grief | Coping | Minas Antipersona | Amputación | Pérdida | Duelo | Estrategias de Afrontamiento

ABSTRACT
The conflict of which is setting Colombia, has brought with himself the utilization of anti-perssonel mines which the groups use to protect their territories of influence and in the moments in which they are pursued for the public force. This paper shows the results obtained from the investigation realised by the authors with a group of the military who key in minefields thus took place amputations, the central objectives were to describe the grief process that these people by the lost one of members of their body confront and to explore on the elements that affect the facing of the traumatic event. A qualitative methodology was used, interviewing to 8 members of Colombian army affected by mines person. The results allow to observe two classes of psychological mechanisms of facing: the mechanisms of defense before the originating anguish of the hostility of external means, (negation, minimisation regression, rationalization, repression and isolation) which make its appearance at the first the psychological moments of the explosive impact and mechanisms that help the amputee to adapt to their new condition, (comparison, atemporality, importance and spirituality) which they appear at a second moment when the amputation is realised under surgical conditions and therefore already is perceived like a measurement for the preservation of the life.
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