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A descriptive study on recent scenario of H1N1 in Malabar- Kerala

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Author(s): Dilip.C*, Sankar.C, Azeem.A.K, Ajeesh anvar, Shaheel.O, Meharban.k, Divya Raj, Lisa Mary, Lintu, Abdul bari

Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Research
ISSN 0974-6943

Volume: 4;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 2533;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: H1N1 | Outbreak | Swine flu

ABSTRACT
Objective:To identify the H1N1outbreaks in both indoor and outdoor patients in some selected hospitals in our locality and to understand its burden and magnitude since it is a major public health concern, to compare different system of medicines and to explore the knowledge, attitude and practices of pharmacists and other health care professionals in the treatment of H1N1. Methods : An attempt was made to understand the burden of H1N1 in our locality based on different factors. Oral consent was obtained from the authorities of various hospitals and individuals prior to study. The criteria for selection of the districts were based on the confirmed cases reported by Kerala state health authorities. During these one year tenure, detailed history was taken from the case history, personal interview of doctors and suspected cases. Personal data such as name age, sex, location, date of onset of illness, medical history, general/systemic examination features, drugs used for the treatment etc were noted down. A simple questionnaire was prepared and distributed to various doctors practicing various systems of medicines.Results: This was a one year descriptive study and 382 suspected cases were identified from January to December. 2010. Hypertension, urinary tract infection, diabetes mellitus were concomitant disease which worsen H1N1 symptoms. Study also reported that children and pregnant women were the higher risk group of H1N1 disease and is seen more complicated in pregnancy. The study reveals that males were more affected with H1N1 than females. Study report shows that more patients (62.06%) were from urban area and (37.93%) were from rural area. Intensity of H1N1 was determined on the basis of frequency of symptoms in patients as per the study conducted in various hospitals. Conclusion:From this study, we concluded that effective antiviral drug for H1N1 was osaltamivir and zanamivir. Tablet and capsule formulations of osaltamivir were preferred in the treatment of H1N1.Serum institute of India has brought a vaccine against H1N1,named Nesovak which is administered through nose was also found effective. Now India has become the 3rd country to develop vaccine against H1N1 in the world. Along with medications, the patients should take good rest and should consume plenty of hot fluidsto protect from further complications of this infection. Most importantly one can prevent the transmission of the infection by staying at home, keeping a distance from H1N1 infected person, covering the mouth and nose using masks etc.

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