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Design and Implementation of a Hardware Module for MIMO Decoding in a 4G Wireless Receiver

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Author(s): Alberto Jiménez-Pacheco | Ángel Fernández-Herrero | Javier Casajús-Quirós

Journal: VLSI Design
ISSN 1065-514X

Volume: 2008;
Date: 2008;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Future 4th Generation (4G) wireless multiuser communication systems will have to provide advanced multimedia services to an increasing number of users, making good use of the scarce spectrum resources. Thus, 4G system design should pursue both higher-transmission bit rates and higher spectral efficiencies. To achieve this goal, multiple antenna systems are called to play a crucial role. In this contribution we address the implementation in FPGAs of a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) decoder embedded in a prototype of a 4G mobile receiver. This MIMO decoder is part of a multicarrier code-division multiple-access (MC-CDMA) radio system, equipped with multiple antennas at both ends of the link, that is able to handle up to 32 users and provides raw transmission bit-rates up to 125 Mbps. The task of the MIMO decoder is to appropriately combine the signals simultaneously received on all antennas to construct an improved signal, free of interference, from which to estimate the transmitted symbols. A comprehensive explanation of the complete design process is provided, including architectural decisions, floating-point to fixed-point translation, and description of the validation procedure. We also report implementation results using FPGA devices of the Xilinx Virtex-4 family.
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