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Design Methodology for Appropriate Technology: Engineering as if People Mattered

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Author(s): Corinthias P. M. Sianipar | Gatot Yudoko | Kiyoshi Dowaki | Akbar Adhiutama

Journal: Sustainability
ISSN 2071-1050

Volume: 5;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 3382;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: appropriate technology | community empowerment | design methodology

ABSTRACT
Since the emerging of its idea circa four decades ago, Appropriate Technology (AT) had been proven as a comprehensive solution in a limited condition. However, practitioners & academia have different opinions with engineers on how an AT must be designed. Researchers had noted the crucial factors in the issue as such, and they gave a notion of the urgency for a dedicated design methodology for AT. This study, therefore, aims to provide it. Such methodology is developed by incorporating AT characteristics, fundamental issues in community empowerment, and the principles of existing design methodologies. The methodology emphasizes combination between bottom-up and top-down design approaches. It means that an AT must be started purely from local conditions rather than given technical specifications, and be given back to local people to be seamlessly integrated into their routines. It also underlines the crucial importance of community involvement throughout design stages. By looking at previous design methodologies that were developed based on pure Engineering Problem Solving (EPS), this study delivers a fresh and comprehensive one that covers surrounding issues and concepts to produce an AT based on the real meaning of technological appropriateness.
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