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Design and performance of acoustic planar array antenna for Doppler sodar

Author(s): A.Kamalakumari | A.Nagaraju | A.B.Rao | M.P.Rao

Journal: International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology
ISSN 0975-5462

Volume: 4;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 4217;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: planar antennas | various off-axis | lower atmosphere

The remote probing of the thermal structure and the wind velocity in the lower atmosphere requires highly directive antennas, which should have a half-power beam width of about ±10° (3-dB points), a 90°-sidelobe suppression of at least 40 dB, little volume reverberation, low wind sensitivity, and be made of weatherproofmaterial. In this paper, various off-axis planar antennas have been built and acoustically evaluated the design aspects, measured results and field patterns of an 8x8 acoustic planar array antennas are described. Tweeter elements are arranged in a planar geometry and are capable of transmitting vertical polarization when placed nearly horizontal, are appropriate for the sodar applications. The performance of 8x8 planar antennas are tested experimentally for the frequencies from 1.8KHz to 4KHz at elevation angles ranging between 0 to 180°.The experimental results, as well as the measured beam widths and field patterns of this antennas, are presented.
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