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Design and testing of ECE radiometer for Sinp-Tokamak

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Author(s): Ray R. | Hugenholtz C. A. J. | van de Pol M. J.

Journal: Brazilian Journal of Physics
ISSN 0103-9733

Volume: 32;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 155;
Date: 2002;
Original page

ABSTRACT
A multi channel ECE Radiometer, in the frequency range of 75 - 110 GHz, has been designed, constructed and tested for the SINP-Tokamak to diagnose second harmonic X-mode electron cyclotron emission (ECE). This frequency range covers approximately 80% of the plasma cross section in case of a magnetic eld of B = 1.5 T. For the maximum field of the SINP-Tokamak B = 2.0 T, about 50% is covered. The ECE radiation is received by a single horn antenna with a gain of approximately 30 dB. To increase the spatial resolution perpendicular to the line of sight, a focusing lens is employed. The incoming radiation power is split into two branches by a 3dB coupler. Before down conversion of the input spectrum, the upper and the lower side band are selected respectively by means of a high pass and a low pass filter. Behind the filters, identical components are employed. The local oscillator frequency is 92 GHz for both mixers. The IF frequency range after down conversion is 2 to 18 GHz. The IF spectrum is amplified by two amplifiers with a total gain of approximately 60 dB. The outputs of these amplifiers are split into 6 branches. The frequency selection is made by band pass filters and the received power is detected by Schottky diode detectors followed by video amplification and ltering. The data is recorded by an ADC with 1 MHz sampling rate. The radiometer has been tested and calibrated with a high temperature blackbody radiator. The effective input noise temperature for the radiometer channels is found to be in the order of 0.1 eV. The linear regime of operation extends up to an input power which corresponds to an electron temperature of approximately 200 eV. Above this temperature the 1 dB compression point of the Schottky diode detectors is exceeded and the IF gain should be reduced. This can be easily done by incorporating appropriate attenuator behind the IF amplifiers.

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