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Designed in Brazil

Author(s): Fernanda Alves da Silva Bonatti | José Américo Bonatti | Liciane Sabadin Bertol | Wilson Kindlein Júnior | Maria Cecilia Loschiavo dos Santos

Journal: Australasian Medical Journal
ISSN 1836-1935

Volume: 1;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 229;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Design | Brazil | Health

BackgroundHealth design in Brazil has been characterized historically byreplacing imported products with others that are locallymanufactured on a small scale. In January 2007, the HealthDesign Group was created at the National Council forScientific and Technological Development, a partnershipbetween professors and scholars from the University of SaoPaulo. Aiming at documenting some important experiences onthe Brazilian scene to provide historical and methodologicalsubsidies for research, a survey was conducted to find thepioneer experiences that, using the technology available atthe time they were developed, paved the way for the currentresearch.MethodInterviews and surveys in newspapers and journals wereconducted with selection of some Brazilian experiences indesign for health from the end of the 1950s till the early2000s, along with its researchers.ResultsSeveral examples of design for health and historicaldocumentation in Brazil are shown concerning the BrazilianFoundation for the Development of Science Teaching(FUNBEC), the Department of Bioengineering of the HeartInstitute (InCor) of the University of Sao Paulo (USP) MedicalSchool, the medical equipment at Rede Sarah, the Laboratoryof Design and Materials Selection (LdSM) of the FederalUniversity of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) in the field ofcraniofacial Orthopedics and some experiences of design areshown in the field of Ophthalmology.ConclusionWe emphasize the cross-disciplinary integration ofsubjects such as medicine, bioengineering and design inall the previously cited experiences. Based on theseexperiences and looking forward to implementing newresearch methods, some members of the Health DesignGroup are involved in the development of solutions forlow vision people: first a high-power-high-optical-qualitymagnifying glass and secondly an innovative readingstand associated with a magnifying glass that has alreadybeen successfully tested in accordance with ethicalstandards by low vision patients. This experience in designof medical equipment has occurred in an interdisciplinarywork with the implementation of bioethics in research.
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