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The destructive oral piercing

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Author(s): Anna Paradowska | Łukasz Sroczyk

Journal: Polish Gastroenterology
ISSN 1232-9886

Volume: 15;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 397;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: piercing | oral cavity | complications

ABSTRACT
Body piercing is known for over 5000 years. It has its historical meaning, but lately so called body art becomes a fashion, especially among the young people. The most common regions for body piercing are: ears, nose, superciliary ringe and navel. Oral piercing also becomes more and more popular. Mostly tongues, mentolabial sulcuses and lips are decorated with jewelry. Rarer some piercing in uvula, frenum or cheeks is observed. The procedure of body piercing as well as pieces of jewellery itself may lead to many com-plications. The most common somatic complications are viral, bacterial and fungi infections. Others are aspirating the foreign body, damage of nerves, hypotensive collapse, alergies or Ludwig's angina. The most common oral complications are bleeding, swelling, speech difficulties, gingival recessions (usually referring to lower incisors) and damage to the dental structure such as chipping teeth, dental cracks and fractures, displacement of jewellery to the soft tissues. The trauma of soft tissues may lead to ulcerations. Due to a high risk of complications, people should be well informed of consequences of body piercing by piercer, doctor or dentist.
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