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Detection of Cl--HCO3- and Na+-H+ Exchangers in Human Airways Epithelium

Author(s): Al-Bazzaz FJ | Hafez N | Tyagi S | Gailey CA | Toofanfard M | Alrefai WA | Nazir TM | Ramaswamy K | Dudeja PK

Journal: JOP Journal of the Pancreas
Volume: 2;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 285;
Date: 2001;
Original page

Keywords: Bicarbonates | Bronchi /chemistry/metabolism | Chloride-Bicarbonate Antiporters /analysis/biosynthesis/genetics | Chlorides | Cystic Fibrosis | DNA Footprinting | DNA /genetics | Female | Human | Immunohistochemistry | Male | Middle Aged | Respiratory Mucosa /chemistry/metabolism | Sodium-Hydrogen Antiporter /analysis/biosynthesis/genetics | Trachea /chemistry/metabolism

Molecular species of the Na(+)-H(+) exchanger (NHE) and anion exchanger (AE) gene families and their relative abundance in the human airway regions were assessed utilizing RT-PCR and the RNase protection assay, respectively. Organ donor lung epithelia from various bronchial regions (small, medium, and large bronchi and trachea) were harvested for RNA extraction. Gene-specific primers for the human NHE and AE isoforms were utilized for RT-PCR. Our results demonstrated that NHE1, AE2, and brain AE3 isoforms were expressed in all regions of the human airway, whereas NHE2, NHE3, AE1, and cardiac AE3 were not detected. RNase protection studies for NHE1 and AE2, utilizing glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase as an internal standard, demonstrated that there were regional differences in the NHE1 mRNA levels in human airways. In contrast, the levels of AE2 mRNA remained unchanged. Differential regional expression of NHE1 isoform may be related to a higher acid load in the tracheal epithelial cells than in epithelia of distal airways. Fluctuations in PCO(2) during inspiration and expiration are probably larger in the tracheal lumen than in the lumen of distal airways with associated larger swings in intracellular pH with each respiratory cycle. Immunohistochemical staining for AE2 protein demonstrated localization to the epithelial cells of human bronchial mucosa.
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