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The determinants of trichiasis recurrence differ at one and two years following lid surgery in Vietnam: A community-based intervention study

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Author(s): Khandekar Rajiv | Thanh Ton Tin | Luong Vu

Journal: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
ISSN 0974-620X

Volume: 2;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 119;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Lid surgery | recurrence | trachoma | trichiasisRecurrence | Vietnam | Space bet trichiasis and recurrence

ABSTRACT
Aim : To compare determinants for recurrence of trichiasis at one and two years following lid surgery in Vietnam. Study Design : Community-based intervention study. Methods : This study was carried out between 2000 and 2003 in four trachoma-endemic districts of Vietnam. Trained trichiasis surgeons performed modified Cuenod Nataf lid surgery on 648 eyes of 472 patients with Trachomatous trichiasis (TT). Trained investigators collected information on ocular and lid status before surgery and at one and two years following surgery. Trichiasis recurrence was calculated after adjusting for one or both eyes of each operated individual. Results : Fifty-six eyes developed recurrence at one year with adjusted prevalence of 8.8% (95% CI 6.60-11.01). One hundred and one eyes [15.9% (95% CI 13.04-18.72)] had recurrence two years following surgery. Female gender, older age group, study area, severe grade of trachomatous scarring (TS), past history of lid surgery, postoperative suture adjustment and surgeon were risk factors for recurrence at the end of one year. Study area and previous lid surgery were risk factors for recurrence in the second year. Recurrence at one year could be predicted if study area and severity of Trachomatous Scarring (TS) are known. Conclusions : One and two year recurrence rates with modified Cuenod Nataf lid surgeries for TT in Vietnam were acceptably low. Early recurrence could be reduced by proper case selection. However, late recurrence seems to be dependent on interaction of risk factors. Only age of the patient was the reliable predictor of recurrence.

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