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DETERMINATION OF FACTORS AFFECTING SPORTS PARTICIPATION MOTIVATION OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WHO MAKE SPORTS

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Author(s): Erkan Faruk Şirin | Hakan Salim ÇAĞLAYAN | Mehmet Çağrı ÇETİN | Alpaslan İNCE

Journal: Beden Egitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi
ISSN 1307-6477

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Date: 2008;

Keywords: Sports participation motive | high school student | sports | gender | age.

ABSTRACT
This study was carried on in order to determine the sports participation motivation of high school students who make sports and to observe the difference in their sports participation motivation according to gender, age, sports branch and beginning to sports time.The universe of the study was constituted of 1156 boys and girls in Osmaniye who participated to sports activities in 2006-2007 educational years. The sample of this study is 270 students who were the representatives of their schools in sports activities.The data collecting instruments are personal information form which was developed by the researcher and Participation Motivation Questionnaire (PMQ) which was developed by Gill et al. (1983) and which was adapted to Turkey by Oyar et al (2001). t test and ANOVA were used in analyzing the data and the significance level was taken as 0.05.Sports participation motivation of students was found as “team membership/spirit”, “skill development” and “movement/being active” rather than exterior motives. There is a significant difference in “fun” and “movement/being active” sub dimensions between boys and girls in the favour of girls. There is significant difference in “team membership/spirit”, “fun”, “success/status” and “movement/being active” sub dimensions in the reasons of sports participation. The motivations of the athletes who are interested in volleyball, football, basketball and other branches differentiated in the “competition” and “friend” sub dimensions. The sport participation motivation of athletes differentiated in “team membership/spirit” and “friend” sub dimensions according to beginning of sports time.
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