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Determining Optimal Clinical Measurement Tools for Early Detection of People at Risk of Falling

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Author(s): Seifollah Jahantabi Nejad | Hamid Reza Rostami | Mohammad Khayatzadeh Mahani | Hossein Karimi | Soraya Rahbar

Journal: Scientific Medical Journal
ISSN 1026-8960

Volume: 10;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 647;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Balance | Berg scale | Lunge scale | Sit up and walking | Functional Reach | Biodex | Falling Risk

ABSTRACT
Background and Objective: Balance is defined as the process that maintains the center of gravity within the body’s base of support and requires constant adjustments that are provided by muscular activity and joint positioning. The aim of the present study was to determine the best clinical measuring tools of balance in comparison to laboratory tools. Subjects and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 60 persons (one half in 20-40 and the other in 60-75 year old group) with the ability of standing and walking at least 7 meters and without any chronic diseases were evaluated by Biodex system, Berg Balance Scale, Functional Reach Test, Timed Up & Go Test and Lunge Test.Results: Data analysis was indicative of significant and high correlation between Functional Reach and Biodex System in 20-40 year old group and between Berg balances Scale and Biodex System in 60-75 years old group (P
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