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Developing a pedagogical problem solving view for mathematics teachers with two reflection programs

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Author(s): Bracha KRAMARSKI

Journal: International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education
ISSN 1307-9298

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 137;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Elementary mathematics teachers | PCK | Metacognition | Reflection support | beliefs

ABSTRACT
The study investigated the effects of two reflection support programs on elementary school mathematics teachers’ pedagogical problem solving view. Sixty-two teachers participated in a professional development program. Thirty teachers were assigned to the self-questioning (S_Q) training and thirty two teachers were assigned to the reflection discourse (R_D) training. The S_Q program was based on the IMPROVE self-questioning approach which emphasizes systematic discussion along the phases of mathematical or pedagogical problem solving as student and teacher. The R_D program emphasized discussion of standard based teaching and learning principles. Findings indicated that systematic reflection support (S_Q) is effective for developing mathematics PCK, and strengthening metacognitive knowledge of mathematics teachers, more than reflection discourse (R_D). No differences were found between the groups in developing beliefs about teaching mathematics in using problem solving view.

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