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Development of a Brief Scale for Social Support: Reliability and validity in Puerto Rico

Journal: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology
ISSN 1697-2600

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Date: 2003;
Original page

Social support is a human interaction in which social, emotional, instrumental, and recreational resources are exchanged. This social phenomenon is associated with stress, depression, and mental health problems. This instrumental study reports on the development and evaluation of a Social Support Scale (CAS, for its name in Spanish), as part of a larger study that aims to develop valid and reliable psychosocial instruments in the Puerto Rican context. The CAS was designed to measure the need for emotional, interpersonal and material support. Also, satisfaction with the support received was measured. Four hundred and sixty-four Puerto Rican students from the University of Puerto Rico participated in this study. The results showed an internal consistency of .68 for the seven need items and of .89 for the two items on satisfaction with the support received. The principal dimensions of the scale were analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Several models were designed and compared. A three-factor model with seven scale items on need for social support was supported by the data. The multidimensional aspect of the construct of social support (emotional, interpersonal, instrumental need) was supported. The use of this brief scale to measure social support is discussed.
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