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Development of a highly sensitive real-time one step RT-PCR combined complementary locked primer technology and conjugated minor groove binder probe

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Author(s): Hong JiYoung | Kang Byunghak | Kim Ahyoun | Hwang Seoyeon | Ahn Jinhee | Lee Sunhwa | Kim Jonghyen | Park Jae-Hak | Cheon Doo-Sung

Journal: Virology Journal
ISSN 1743-422X

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 330;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Aseptic meningitis | Real-time one step RT-PCR | CLP | MGB probe

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Enterovirus (EV) infections are commonly associated with encephalitis and meningitis. Detection of enteroviral RNA in clinical specimens has been demonstrated to improve the management of patients, by ruling out other causes of disease. Method To develop a sensitive and reliable assay for routine laboratory diagnosis, we developed a real-time one step reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay with minor groove binder probes and primers modified with complementary locked primer technology (TMC-PCR). We checked the sensitivity of the developed assay by comparing it to a previously published TaqMan probe real-time one-step RT-PCR (TTN-PCR) procedure using enteroviral isolates, Enterovirus Proficiency panels from Quality Control on Molecular Diagnostics (QCMD-2007), and clinical specimens from patients with suspected EV infections. Results One hundred clinical specimens from 158 suspected viral meningitis cases were determined to be positive by the TMC-PCR assay (63.29%), whereas only 60 were found to be positive by the TTN-PCR assay (37.97%). The positive and negative agreements between the TMC-PCR and TTN-PCR assays were 100% and 59.2%, respectively. Conclusion This data suggest that the TMC-PCR assay may be suitable for routine diagnostic screening from patient suspected EV infection.
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