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Development of mandible in indigenous sheep fetuses

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Author(s): N. S. Ahmed | S. Kh. Mahmood

Journal: Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences
ISSN 1607-3894

Volume: 25 Arabic;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 99;
Date: 2011;
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ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to detect the precise sites of the beginning of primary ossification centers of the mandible of sheep fetuses as well as their onset time, to achieve this goal, samples were taken weekly starting from the 7th week up to 20th week of intrauterine life. Sections of the samples were stained by the alizarin red and alcian blue technique. Primary centers appeared at the beginning of 7th week as big red spot on either sides of mesenchyme of first branchial arch (Meckel’s cartilage) that developed by intramembranous ossification. The rostral part of the mandible, however, was developed by endochondral ossification. The successive bone development process (7–20) weeks, were moniterd by macerating the mandibles using either potassium hydroxide or fly larvae. Measuring tape and graph papers were employed for measurements and for localization of mandibular angle. The results revealed significant increase of these measurements during the successive weeks of intrauterine life.
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