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THE DEVELOPMENT OF A PARENTS ATTITUDE SCALE TOWARDS PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASS

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Author(s): Erman ÖNCÜ | Özbay GÜVEN

Journal: Beden Egitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi
ISSN 1307-6477

Volume: 5;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 184;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Physical education class | parents | attitudes | developing scale.

ABSTRACT
The objective of this study was to develop a valid and reliable scaling tool to scale attitudes of parents towards participation of their children in physical education class. Positive attitudes of parents towards participation of their children in physical education class is of significant importance in providing children with the habit of doing sports and passing on the sports culture to new generations. Therefore, in consideration with the fact that it is particularly necessary to determine the factors affecting attitudes, a study was carried out to develop and make available “a Parents Attitude Scale concerning Participation of Their Children in Physical Education Class.” 186 parents, namely 107 mothers and 79 fathers, whose children attend 6th, 7th and 8th grades, participated into the study. In the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis in order to check validity of scale; it was determined that the scale is a 4-factor scale and the number of items was fixed to 21. Item load values are between 0.691-0.804 for Factor I, 0.543-0.768 for Factor II, 0.557-0.806 for Factor III and 0.586-0.801 for Factor IV. In order to test reliability of the scale, Cronbach Alpha reliability and two-halves test correlation (Spearman Brown) coefficients were checked and the said values were found as 0,90 and 0,76 respectively. As a conclusion; it was determined in the outcome of the study of validity and reliability that the scale prepared for scaling attitudes of parents towards participation of their children in physical education class is a practicable scaling tool.
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