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Diagnosis and Treatment of Anterior Knee Pain

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Author(s): Banu Kuran | Beril Doğu

Journal: Türkiye Fiziksel Tıp ve Rehabilitasyon Dergisi
ISSN 1302-0234

Volume: 55;
Issue: Suppl 1;
Start page: 20;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Patellofemoral pain syndrome | physical examination | treatment

ABSTRACT
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a common and painful musculoskeletal condition that affects physically active young adults. It presents as diffuse anterior or retropatellar knee pain that is aggravated by activities which repetitively load the patellofemoral joint. The etiology of PFPS appears to be multifactorial which includes biomechanical, muscular and overactivity theories. For most patients, a careful history and physical examination are sufficient to make the diagnosis. Treatment can be initiated without imaging. When symptoms continue despite appropriate management, radiological investigation is indicated to exclude pathologies such as osteochondritis dissecans, patella bipartita, and neoplasms. The initial treatment plan must be nonoperative and should include a comprehensive rehabilitation program with temporary activity modifications.Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2009; 55 Suppl 1: 20-5.
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