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The Diagnostic Value of Intra-abdominal Pressure in Patients with Blunt Acute Abdominal Trauma

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Author(s): Huseyin Narci | Hukum Uzun | Keziban Ucar Karabulut

Journal: Cukurova Medical Journal
ISSN 0250-5150

Volume: 37;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 157;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Intra-abdominal pressure; blunt trauma; abdominal;operation

ABSTRACT
Purpose:The objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of intra-abdominal pressure measurement in blunt abdominal trauma patients. Method: A prospective study was performed in 49 patients with blunt trauma in our university hospital for 1 years. Patients were randomly into two groups as intra-abdominal trauma (n=28) and extraabdominal trauma (n=21) groups. Intra-abdominal pressures was measured an classified as normal (10 cm H2O or less), elevated (more than 10 cm H2O) determined indirectly. Results: No significant differences were found between abdominal trauma and extra-abdominal trauma groups from the point of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). One the other hand, in abdominal trauma group; significant differences were observed between operated patients. Intra-abdominal bleeding was found in 10 patients and all of them elevated IAP values (exceeding 16 cm H2O). For determining the intra-abdominal injury, IAP had a sensitivity of 93%, specificity 38% in patients. Conclusion: IAP exceeding 16 cm H2O with blunt abdominal trauma patients abdominal trauma can be detected. It is thought that IAP, indirect monitoring of abdominal trauma patients is a reproducible, scientific guide and simple method.To determine the efficacy of the measurement of intra-abdominal pressure in blunt abdominal trauma patients, further studies should be done. [Cukurova Med J 2012; 37(3.000): 157-161]
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