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Diameter Control and Photoluminescence of ZnO Nanorods from Trialkylamines

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Author(s): Tamar Andelman | Yinyan Gong | Gertrude Neumark | Stephen O'Brien

Journal: Journal of Nanomaterials
ISSN 1687-4110

Volume: 2007;
Date: 2007;
Original page

ABSTRACT
A novel solution method to control the diameter of ZnO nanorods is reported. Small diameter (2-3 nm) nanorods were synthesized from trihexylamine, and large diameter (50–80 nm) nanorods were synthesized by increasing the alkyl chain length to tridodecylamine. The defect (green) emission of the photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the nanorods varies with diameter, and can thus be controlled by the diameter control. The small ZnO nanorods have strong green emission, while the large diameter nanorods exhibit a remarkably suppressed green band. We show that this observation supports surface oxygen vacancies as the defect that gives rise to the green emission.

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