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Did Foucault Revolutionize History?

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Author(s): Cody Franchetti

Journal: Open Journal of Philosophy
ISSN 2163-9434

Volume: 01;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 84;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Philosophy of History | Historical Methodology | Nominalism | Hermeneutics | Michel Foucault | Paul Veyne | Marcel Gauchet.

ABSTRACT
With the pretext of analyzing Foucault’s contribution to history, the paper is an essay on the philosophy of history. It is shaped, fundamentally, as an answer to the historian Paul Veyne’s essay, “Foucault Revolutionizes History” (1978) and his assertions on Foucault and historical methodology; Veyne claimed Foucault to have revolutionized the discipline of history thanks to his singular gaze and his profound skepticism. The paper counters Veyne’s assertions on both Foucault and Veyne’s historiography and seeks to provide a concept of history that is more nuanced and conscious of the human sciences’ ontology and duties. To do so, the paper engages with a number of historical currents, thinkers, and concepts, which shape historical inquiry.
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