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Dielectric and Spontaneous Polarization Studies of a Ferroelectric Chiral Smectic Liquid Crystal

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Author(s): Abraham K. George | C. Carboni | S. H. Al-Harthi | W. M. Zoghaib | D. M. Potukuchi

Journal: World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics
ISSN 2160-6919

Volume: 02;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 75;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Smectic C* and Smectic A*de Vries Phases | Dielectric Permittivity | Dielectric Relaxation | Activation Energy | Spontaneous Polarization

ABSTRACT
Dielectric relaxation and spontaneous polarization studies have been carried out in a low molar mass organosiloxane liquid crystal, TSi10PPBN4 which displays a wide temperature range of de Vries Smectic A* and chiral Smectic C* phases. The temperature variation of the permittivity and dielectric loss studied are found to have anomalous variations in the vicinity of the phase transitions. The frequency variation of permittivity and dielectric loss are also studied in the de Vries Smectic A* and Smectic C* phases. The relaxation frequency, fR is found to decrease with decreasing temperature. Temperature variation of fR is found to follow an Arrhenius shift from which the activation energy is estimated. The thermal variation of the spontaneous polarization, Ps is measured using the polarization reversal technique in the Smectic C* phase. Ps increases initially, reaches a peak value and then drops drastically in the vicinity of the SmC*-SmA*de Vries phase transition.
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