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Different Feeding Techniques of Microstrip Patch Antennas with Spiral Defected Ground Structure for Size Reduction and Ultra-Wide Band Operation

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Author(s): Dalia M. Elsheakh | Esmat A. Abdallah

Journal: Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications
ISSN 1942-0730

Volume: 04;
Issue: 10;
Start page: 410;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Electromagnetic Band-Gap (EBG) | Defected Ground Structure (DGS) | Microstrip Patch Antenna (MPA)

ABSTRACT
Different feeding techniques of microstrip patch antennas with different spiral defected ground structures are presented in this paper. The investigated structures illustrate some merits in designing multi-electromagnetic band-gap structures by adjusting the capacitance and changing the inductance through varying the width and length of spiral defected ground structure. Then by applying the three different spirals shapes (one, two and four arms) as the ground plane of microstrip patch antenna with different feeding techniques to create multi or ultra wide-band, improve the antenna gain and reduce the antenna size, it is found that the four arms spiral defected ground structure of microstrip patch antenna with offset feed gives good performance, electrical size reduction to about 75% as compared to the original patch size and ultra-wide bandwidth extends from 2 GHz up to 12 GHz with ?8 dB impedance bandwidth.
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