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Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis: Co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Author(s): Chaudhary Raju | Bilimoria Freny | Katare S

Journal: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
ISSN 0378-6323

Volume: 74;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 641;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Co-infection | Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis | HIV infection

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a disease caused by intracellular protozoal parasites belonging to the genus Leishmania. Immune suppression caused by HIV infection is an important factor for atypical presentation and widespread progression of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Diffuse (disseminated) cutaneous leishmaniasis and HIV co-infection is emerging as an extremely serious new disease. A 38-year-old HIV-positive man presented with a 12-month history of a progressive papule and nodular eruptions on face and extremities with infiltrations of nasal and oral mucosa. We report the case due to its atypical, widespread muco-cutaneous presentation masquerading as lepromatous leprosy.
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